Sampada Gramin Mahila Sanstha


People should believe that they can change things. It is not about a few activists fighting for other people’s rights. Anybody who has imbibed this understanding should be able to go and fight for their rights.

  Home Collectives About Us Resources Weblinks Gallery Videos Contact Us
The urban middle-class has traditional ways of thinking...They believe they are safe and don’t need awareness programs.


If creating awareness is one strategy to prevent the spread of HIV, educating young girls and boys about underlying issues of sexuality is another. As a first step, social workers met the principals of the 383 high schools and colleges in Single district to gauge interest, need and enthusiasm. The visit shows that while principals of various institutions were receptive, those in urban areas were not.

“ The urban middle-class has traditional ways of thinking,” explains Shashikant Mane, Executive Director of SANGRAM. They believe they are safe and don’t need awareness programs. “ Plus, many urban schools and colleges had already received a dose of HIV/AIDS education from the government, and didn’t believe they needed more.

Unlike sex education programs that focus on anatomy and reproductive biology, SANGRAM’s sexuality education program is more holistic. The program includes a component on social and personal values, since these values shape and condition one’s sexuality, separate group discussions for boys and girls, a session on myths, misconceptions and ethical issues related to sexuality.

By the end of 2007, the campaign had covered all the high schools and colleges in Sangli rural district. The sessions have brought out a gender difference in conceptions and understandings of sexuality. While girls typically ask about menstruation, pregnancy, and infertility, boys are more concerned with sexual pleasure, fantasies and experiences. These differences are indicative of a process of socialization, which negates female experiences, while treating male experiences of sexuality as the norm. SANGRAM’s sexuality education program addresses such gender biases.

These are some questions that young girls typically ask during sexuality education classes:

  • Why do only women menstruate?
  • Is is all right to have sex while menstruating?
  • Why do women get labour pains?
  • Why is sweet sixteen considered a “dangerous” age?
  • When do girls and boys become sexually matured?
  • Do women have sex amongst themselves?
  • Do eunuchs have sexual organs? Do they get aroused?
  • Is homosexual sex harmful?
  • Why do men scratch in the genital area?

Boys typically ask questions that relate to sexual pleasure, such as:

  • Can you masturbate for sexual pleasure?
  • Why do women have less emotional interest in sex than men do?
  • When men are about to ejaculate, why do women start holding them very tight?
  • How much time should be there between two masturbation’s?
  • What is the meaning of sex in homosexual relationships? Is it harmful?
  • Does sperm ever run out or end?
  • Why do you get tired when you masturbate a lot? Does it affect your reproduction ability?
  • Does the penis get smaller due to friction?
Page 1|2|3|4 
Copyright 2009, SANGRAM All Rights Reserved Admin Login Designed By Intellect systems